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Anemia is a common blood disorder, which is caused when there is a drop in hemoglobin (part of blood that distributes oxygen from the lungs to tissues) or hematocrit (percentage of red blood cells found in a volume of blood) in the blood.

Anemia is often a symptom of a disease rather than a disease itself and may be associated with other medical conditions such as:

  • excessive blood loss
  • ulcers
  • deficient production or excessive destruction of red cells
  • menstrual problems
  • cancer 

Symptoms may include:


Causes may include:

  • infections
  • certain diseases
  • certain medications
  • poor nutrition
  • blood loss
  • lack of red blood cell production
  • high rate of red blood cell destruction

Treatment may include:

  • medication
  • iron supplements
  • blood transfusion
  • blood and marrow stem cell transplant 
  • dietary changes
Types include: 

  • aplastic anemia
  • folic acid deficiency
  • iron deficiency anemia
  • pernicious anemia
  • sickle cell anemia
  • hemolytic anemia

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Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton Hamilton. Phone: 609-586-7900 Physician Referral: 609-584-5900.

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