To treat prostate cancer, surgeons usually remove the prostate, as well as some tissue surrounding it. This procedure is called radical prostatectomy. A sample of the lymph nodes in nearby tissue is also usually taken to determine whether the cancer has spread beyond the prostate.
A radical prostatectomy can be performed using either traditional "open" surgery or a minimally invasive procedure known as laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Through either the laparoscopic and robotic-assisted laparoscopic approach, the surgeon performs a prostatectomy using specialized tools inserted through tiny incisions in the pelvic area.