Hysteroscopy if performed so that a physician can look into the patient’s uterus. A hysteroscope (thin, telescope-like instrument) is inserted into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. Hysteroscopy may be performed either in the physician's office or in a hospital setting. It can be performed with local, regional, or general anesthesia, and sometimes no anesthesia is needed.
There are 2 types of Hysteroscopy:
- Diagnostic hysteroscopy is used to diagnose uterine abnormalities or to confirm the results of other tests. Other instruments or techniques, such as dilation and curettage (D&C) and laparoscopy, are sometimes used in conjunction with the hysteroscopy.
It can also be used to diagnose certain conditions such as abnormal uterine bleeding, infertility, repeated miscarriages, fibroid tumors, polyps, or to locate displaced intrauterine devices (IUDs).
- Operative hysteroscopy may be used to both diagnose and treat certain conditions such as uterine adhesions or fibroids, which can sometimes be removed through the hysteroscope.