Otherwise known as andrology, men’s health has been a medical specialty since the 1960’s.
Men’s health topics concern those health issues that are specific to the male anatomy or occur more often in men. These include diseases or conditions related to the male reproductive system, such as testicular and prostate cancers, and impotence or erectile dysfunction.
Medical and surgical procedures specific to males include vasectomy (a well-known operation designed to arrest male fertility) and vasectomy reversals, as well as interventions for disorders such as balanitis, an inflammation of the penis.
Men’s health also includes conditions that impact both men and women, but are more common in men, such as heart attacks. The leading cause of death worldwide, heart attacks are caused by coronary heart disease, or the buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries, which restricts the flow of oxygen and other nutrients to the heart’s muscle. Current estimates are that one half of all healthy 40-year-old men in the United States will develop coronary heart disease, whereas only one-third of women are expected to develop the disease. Research has shown that males also differ from females in terms of symptoms and response to heart disease treatments.
Other common chronic ailments which affect men and women in different ways and whose treatments differ between the sexes are diabetes, high blood pressure, lung disease, and Alzheimer’s.
Other issues that men should pay attention to as part of their general health include exercise and fitness, nutrition, weight control, and emotional health.