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Thrombophlebitis occurs when a blood clot causes inflammation in the veins. When the affected vein is the near the surface of the skin it is referred to as superficial thrombophlebitis.  When it occurs deep within the muscle, it is referred to as deep vein thrombosis (DVT).  A blood clot in a deep vein increases the risk of an embolism.


Symptoms may include:


  • warmth and tenderness in the affected area
  • pain in the affected area
  • redness and swelling
  • fever

Causes may include:



Treatment may include:


  • self-care
    • applying heat to the painful area
    • elevating the affected leg
    • using a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  • medication
  • support stockings
  • filter - inserted into the main vein in your abdomen (vena cava) to prevent clots that break loose in leg veins from lodging in your lungs
  • varicose vein stripping – removes a long vein through small incisions
  • clot removal or bypass surgery
  • angioplasty

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Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton Hamilton. Phone: 609-586-7900 Physician Referral: 609-584-5900.

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