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posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
 

Post-traumatic stress disorder is a type of anxiety disorder that may occur after a person sees or experiences a traumatic event or events that involves the threat of injury or death itself.  PTSD changes the body’s response to stress and affects the stress hormones and chemicals that carry information between the nerves (neurotransmitters). Having been exposed to trauma in the past may increase the risk of PTSD.

 
Symptoms

Symptoms may include:

 

  • flashback episodes where the event seems to be happening over repeatedly
  • recurrent distressing memories of the event
  • repeated dreams of the event
  • physical reactions to situations that remind the person of the traumatic event 
  • emotional  feeling of numbness
  • feelings of detachment
  • inability to remember important aspects of the trauma
  • lack of interest in day to day activities 
  • difficulty concentrating
  • exaggerated response to things that startle the person
  • outbursts of anger
  • sleeping difficulties
  • guilty feelings about the event
 
Causes

Causes may include:

 

  • psychological factors
  • genetic factors
  • physical factors
  • social factors
 
Treatments

Treatment may include:

 

  • support groups
  • medication
  • behavior therapy

 

 

 

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Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton Hamilton. Phone: 609-586-7900 Physician Referral: 609-584-5900.

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