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hypertension (high blood pressure)

Hypertension is the term physician’s use for high blood pressure.  Blood pressure measurements are the result of the force of the blood produced by the heart and the size and condition of the arteries.  Blood pressure readings are measured in millimeters of mercury and usually given as 2 numbers. For example, 120 over 90.


  • The first number is the systolic pressure - pressure created when the heart beats
  • The second number is the diastolic pressure - pressure inside blood vessels when the heart is at rest

Either or both of these numbers may be too high.


Symptoms may include:


  • confusion
  • chest pain
  • ear noise or buzzing
  • irregular heartbeat
  • nosebleeds
  • tiredness
  • changes in vision

Causes may include:


Most of the time, no cause is identified, and this is called essential hypertension. High blood pressure that results from a specific condition, habit, or medication is called secondary hypertension.


Treatment may include:


  • medication
  • exercise
  • weight loss program
  • healthy diet
  • cardiology
  • endocrinology

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    Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton Hamilton. Phone: 609-586-7900 Physician Referral: 609-584-5900.

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