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Gout is a disorder that results from deposits of sodium urate crystals which accumulate in the joints because of high blood levels of uric acid (hyperuricemia) and leads to attacks of painful joint inflammation.  Urate crystals can form when there are high levels of uric acid in the blood.  Uric acid dissolves in the blood and passes through the kidneys into the urine.  The body either produces too much uric acid or the kidneys excrete too little uric acid.  When this happens, uric acid can build up, forming sharp, needle-like urate crystals in a joint or surrounding tissue that cause pain, inflammation and swelling.


Symptoms may include:



Causes may include:


  • urate crystals that accumulate around the joints

Treatment may include:


  • rheumatology

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